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Naturalization is the process by which U.S. citizenship is granted to a Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) after meeting the requirements outlined in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

U.S. citizens have some rights that are not granted to non-citizens. These rights include, but are not limited to, ability to vote in elections, eligibility for federal jobs, ability to travel with a U.S. passport, and priority when petitioning for family members to permanently stay in the U.S.


To apply for Naturalization, Lawful Permanent Residents must meet the following requirements:

  • Be 18 years of age or older

  • Have been an LPR for at least 5 years (3 years if married to a U.S. Citizen)

  • Have lived within the State or USCIS district with jurisdiction over their place of residence for the past 3 months or more

  • Have continuous residence in the U.S. as an LPR for the past 5 years or more

  • Have been physically present within the U.S. for at least 30 months on the previous 5 years

  • Continually reside within the U.S. from the date of application for Naturalization to the time of Naturalization

  • Pass the English and Civics test to prove ability to read, write, and speak English and the possession of knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government (unless you qualify for an exception or accommodation)

  • Be a person of good moral character

USCIS provides a handy Guide to Naturalization on their website which provides a more in-depth view of the Naturalization requirements and processes, as well as study material for the Naturalization civics exam. 

We handle simple and complex Naturalization matters. To contact our office about your Naturalization application, call us today at 321-325-1125.

FAQ & Answer about Citizenship/Naturalization Law in Florida


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Q1: What are the basic requirements for naturalization in Florida?

A1: To qualify for naturalization in Florida, an applicant must be at least 18 years old, have been a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) for at least five years (or three years if married to a U.S. citizen), demonstrate continuous residence and physical presence in the U.S., and exhibit good moral character. Additionally, applicants must pass English language and U.S. civics tests.


Q2: How can I demonstrate good moral character?

A2: Good moral character is shown by adhering to the laws and societal norms of the U.S. This includes avoiding criminal activities, fulfilling tax obligations, and demonstrating honesty in dealings with immigration authorities. Certain criminal offenses can disqualify an applicant from naturalization.


Q3: What is the process for applying for U.S. citizenship through naturalization?

A3: The process involves submitting Form N-400 (Application for Naturalization), attending a biometrics appointment, completing an interview with a USCIS officer, and passing English and civics tests. After these steps, a successful applicant takes the Oath of Allegiance to the United States.


Q4: What happens if I fail the English or civics test?

A4: If an applicant fails the English or civics test, they are given a second opportunity to retake the failed portion. This retest is usually scheduled within 60 to 90 days of the initial interview.


Q5: Can a lawyer help with the naturalization process?

A5: Yes, an experienced immigration lawyer, like those at The Law Office of S.A. Peterkin, can provide invaluable assistance throughout the naturalization process. They ensure that all paperwork is correctly filed, prepare applicants for the interview, and address any legal issues that may arise, increasing the chances of a successful application.



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